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Penang Char Koay Teow 槟城炒粿条

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Penang is literally a food paradise! And for many, one of the main highlights of Penang cuisine is its street food. A walk down some of the roads and alleys in Penang and one would be easily led by the nose quite literally, to a hawker stall or two showcasing some of the finest which Penang has to offer. Many of these hawker stalls are not permanent fixtures within a certain kopitiam or kedai, but merely makeshift carts driven around by motorcycles they are attached to, as their “chefs on wheels” peddle their signature dishes from place to place. Seemingly nomadic but in fact, true Penang foodies are in the know of the precise whereabouts of some of these famous stalls, i.e. at a particular junction between a certain “Lorong” and a certain “Jalan” in the daytime, or at which corner of a particular “pasar malam” by night. It could be rojak, laksa, or hokkien mee, but one thing remains a common trait amongst these street food stalls. They rely not on media publicity to draw attention and create awareness on their existence, but solely by word of mouth, through folks who share their gastronomic experiences at these stalls to their relatives, who in turn told their friends, who in turn told their neighbours. Many of them have only one item on their menu, bearing sharp contrast to what hotel buffets and established restaurant joints boast about. But for that one thing they do, they do it best.

char koay teow
When asked about Penang’s street food fanfare,  many dishes would immediately comes to mind. But the one dish which is arguably the most popular for many is probably Char Koay Teow. Originally a Teochew dish, Penang Char Koay Teow is made up of delectable strands of dark flat rice noodles glistening in sauce and oil which thoroughly captivates the hearts of Penangites both young and old. Enjoyed throughout the day, be it for breakfast or supper, the rhythmic “cling clang” of the metal spatula against the Chinese kuali together with wafts of unmistakable aroma from good “wok hei” is altogether part of the gastronomic experience. Char Koay Teow used to be stir-fried over a charcoal fire, imparting much of that smokey flavours into the food itself. But very few folks still cling on to this practice and have since switched to a gas stove. Penang “Char Koay Teow” is different from Singapore “Char Kway Teow” in several ways. The former  includes chives and prawns, but does not have any hint of sweetness unlike Singapore Char Kway Teow which incorporates Kicap Manis in addition to dark soya sauce. Traditionally, duck egg is used in Penang Char Koay Teow for its much coveted creamy textures and probably more robust flavours. But duck egg is not a commonly available commodity unfortunately, so cooking it at home with chicken eggs is prefectly fine, as many street hawkers in Penang have switched to doing so anyway. Using large and good quality eggs from corn-fed chicken would be reasonably close I reckon.
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Photo credits here.

Penang Char Koay Teow 槟城炒粿条 (serves one) adapted from From Ong Jin Teong’s “Penang Heritage Food”

  • 100g fresh koay teow (flat rice noodles)
  • 4-5 medium-large prawns, heads removed, peeled and deveined
  • 1 clove of garlic, crushed, peeled and chopped finely
  • handful of bean sprouts, rinsed and set aside.
  • 2 chinese sausages, sausage casing removed and sliced thinnly
  • 2-3 stalks chives, rinsed and cut into 3-4 cm lengthwise
  • 1 tbsp chili boh
  • 1 large egg
  • 2 tbsp oil stir-frying + 1 tbsp oil for egg
  • 2 tbsp light soya sauce or 1 tbsp if light soya sauc with 1/2 tbsp fish sauce
  • 1 tbsp dark soya sauce
  • dash of pepper
  • blood cockles (optional)
  • 1 fish cake, sliced (optional)
  • croutons of deep fried pork lardons aka bak eu phok (optional)
  • water as needed

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  1. If using, wash blood cockles by rubbing them around submerged in water to dislodge any debris stuck on their shells.  Rinse thoroughly, place the cockles in a large bowl and pour hot water over them for the shells to open. Remove each cockle from the shell with a teaspoon or toothpick and leave to soak in a bit of water. Discard shells.
  2. Heat a wok until it begins to smoke and add 2 tbsp of cooking oil when the wok is hot. Spread the oil over the pan or wok, then add sliced chinese sausages for them to saute slightly before adding the chopped garlic and stir continuously until aromatic.
  3. Add the prawns and sitr fry quickly until they develop a pinkish hue. Add the chilli boh paste and stir quickly for a few strokes to spread the chili paste and coat the prawns. Fish cake slices can also be added with prawns if using.
  4. Add koay teow, followed by light soya sauce, dark soya sauce, pepper and fish sauce if using. Stir well for 30 seconds or so until the koay teow is uniformly colored and the prawns thoroughly cooked. Add 1 tbsp of water around the perimeter of the wok if the noodles become too dry. Bean sprouts can be added now if using.
  5. Push everything in the wok to one side and add 1 tbsp of oil to the “cleared space”. Crack the egg over the oil and partially scramble with a spatula. When it is half cooked and still slightly runny, mix the egg with the other ingredients.
  6. Add chopped chives and drained cockles and give everything a good final stir before turning off the fire.
  7. Plate up and serve immediately with a generous sprinkling of bak eu phok.


To make cili boh, simply soak dried red chilies in hot water until soften. Deseed if less heat is desired and blend or pound until a coarse paste is produced. Use as required and freeze the rest for later use.

For good char koay teow, one just needs to observe two important rules of thumb. The fire must be very strong and the procedure must be quick. As such, all the ingredients must be prepared in advance and condiments within hands’ reach. No time to open the fridge to get the beansprouts or run to the pantry for the soya sauce. It takes just a split second and a spatula stroke too much for the noodles to turn mushy so time control is really crucial.

Many ingredients are good-to-haves but the health-conscious may do without. Blood cockles and bak eu phok are quintessential in old school char koay teow but those with health concerns may decidedly give them a miss. Chili is also optional in char koay teow but many folks love a bit of heat in their own plates. As such, hawkers usually cook their own sambal, with many swearing by handed down secret recipes. For me, a good chili boh is good enough for the perk. Good Sambal made with Penang’s best belacan works very well too.
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Char Koay Teow, together with other street-based food stalls draw crowds from both near and far, locals who remembered fondly how they had been “brought here by my parents to eat and become addicted when we were young and now in turn, I am bringing  my own children here now as well.”, while others swear by how awesome the dishes are proclaiming that “Nothing has changed. It still tastes exactly just like what I had twenty years back”. Many of these street food fanfare served not only to tingle the palate and fill the stomachs, but also to warm the hearts, bringing with them not just wafts of wonderful aroma, but also of nostalgia. Altogether, a walk down the alleys of Penang for these hawker delights from the yesteryears is not merely a search for good food, but a walk down memory lane as well, as the familiar flavours not only linger between the teeth and palate, but also deep within our hearts.
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I am submitting this post to Malaysian Food Fest, Penang Month hosted by Alan of Travellingfoodies

17 responses

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  5. I just left Penang and its yummy char kway teow behind and you are already tempting me!! Your version looks yummy 🙂

    June 10, 2013 at 4:21 pm

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  12. Your char koay teow looks very authentic, even has bak eu pok and cockles!! Truly salivating while reading this post. I also recognise this Siam Road CKT uncle 🙂

    July 30, 2013 at 4:43 pm

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  15. Cat

    looks delicious and mouth-watering!

    August 8, 2014 at 1:47 am

  16. This is great article
    Thank you for the recipe
    I will try to cook

    January 23, 2015 at 1:52 pm

  17. Mary Tan

    That’s great Penang Char Kaoy Teow
    Thank you for the recipe

    June 17, 2018 at 12:59 pm

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